Essay on the golden age of devotional Hindi literature english essay on english sahitya ka swarn yug bhaktikal

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Essay on the golden age of devotional Hindi literature english essay on english sahitya ka swarn yug bhaktikal

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Essay on the golden age of devotional Hindi literature english essay on english sahitya ka swarn yug bhaktikal


Essay on the golden age of devotional Hindi literature english essay on english sahitya ka swarn yug bhaktikal

Hello friends, today we Essay on the golden age of devotional Hindi literature
You will know essays on this subject. In the same way that the Pallavan of a tree grows slowly according to its conditions, the creation of literature also gradually depends on the conditions of a particular age with the help of scholars. The development of Hindi literature has not been untouched by this effect. Different features have been existing in Hindi literature to suit the situation. These features classify Hindi literature into four parts – Veergatha period, Bhakti period, Roti period and modern period. The period of devotion in these four periods is called the golden age of Hindi literature.

The literature of this period is superior to its predecessors and later literatures.
In Hindi literature, before the devotional period, in the Veergatha period, Kavya Veer and Shringar-Ras were predominant. The poet remained indifferent towards other aspects of life. Poets in this period were state-sponsored and their poems were merely praiseworthy praises of patrons.

Acharya Shukla started the tradition of devotional period from Samvat 1375 to 1700 Accepted. He has acknowledged the reason for the rise of devotion in response to the aggressive activities of Muslims. Hazari Prasad Dwivedi accepts this as the general development of devotion of Nath and Siddhas. In the period of devotion we see two streams flowing Nirguna and Saguna. Nirgun Dhara Gyan Margi Shakha and Premmargi are flowing in two sub-streams. Similarly, the development of Saguna Bhakti Dhara is also achieved in the form of Rama Bhakti and Krishna Bhakti.

The literature of this period gave spiritual consciousness to the society. Emphasized the creation of the afterlife rather than the cosmic life. Established renunciation and devotion in place of materialism. Saint poets made great efforts to eradicate Hindu-Muslim bitterness, they opposed ostentatious rituals and emphasized on inter-religious harmony instead of caste. The poetry of the saint poets helped in the upliftment of the lower class of the society, they developed self-confidence.

Sufi poets introduced religious liberalism
And played an important role in bridging the gap between Hindus and Muslims. He flowed such a river of love that the whole of North India was overwhelmed with it. Jaisi, Kutban, Manjan and Mulla Dawood etc. made the stories of Hindu families the basis of their poetic practice and created an atmosphere of harmony in the society.

Among the devotees of Rama, especially Tulsidas performed ‘Ramcharitmanas’
Created and protected Indian culture. Dr. Grierson has described Ramcharitamanas as the Bible of Hinduism. The excellent description of Hindu Acharya Shastra as given in Ramcharitamanas is as rare in any other scripture of the world. Knowledge and devotion, Nirguna and Saguna, Prarabdha and Purushartha, the ideal depiction of the coordination of Shaivites and Vaishnavas.

Tulsidas is the greatest Samanyavadi poet in the world. The greatest proof of the superiority of his poetry is that even today the unbroken recitation of Ramcharitamanas is organized with great reverence and devotion for the relief of the crisis. Indian religion and philosophy have been subtly discussed in Uttarkand. Ramcharitamanas is the surasari stream of Rama bhakti, in which many sinners who did not take a bath were saved. Ramakavya is the poetry of the sadhanavastha of Lokmangal. The ideal interpretation of folk manners and folk rules is as rare elsewhere as it is in Ramcharitamanas.

Krishna devotional poetry of this period is Rasasiddha poetry.
Krishna’s leelas have been uniquely described by Krishna devotee poets. Poets of Surdas, Nandanas, Parmanandadas, Kumbhandas etc. Ashtachap conveyed Krishna devotion to all corners of the country. Impressed by the poignancy of Sur’s position, Tansen also said

Some pig’s head was taken, some pig’s head was taken.

I heard the sound of the trumpet, my body and mind.

Surya and Shashi i.e. Surdas of Hindi Sahityakash And the poetry of Tulsidas had a universal influence. Among the other poets of the devotional period, the names of Rahim, Raskhan and Mirabai are ever memorable. Bhakti is a unique place of poetry in terms of expression, language and style etc. In this age, both Prabandha and Muktak types of poetry were composed. The same type of poetry is available in abundance, both knowable and unknowable. Literature was composed in both Braj language and Awadhi language.

The devotional carpet is rich enough in all aspects of poetic juice, verse, metaphor. All the juices and styles are available in the poetry of Tulsidas alone. The language of this poem is very clear. Kabir’s ‘Bijak’, Jayasi’s ‘Padmavat’, Tulsi’s ‘Ramcharitmanas’ and Surdas’s ‘Surasagar’ are such excellent works of this period whose literary and social influence is intact. Guys, please tell us how you felt about this essay by commenting on it.